Flat files are where you only need to find one place to access the file.
- All records are stored in one place
-Easy to understand and configure using various standard office applications.
- It is an excellent option for small databases
- It requires less hardware and software components
- Can be used with no special software
- Flat file databases are harder to update
- Harder to change data formats
- It is a poor option for databases in terms of complex queries