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๐Ÿ”— API

API stands for Application Programming Interface. It allows two applications to talk to each other.

API's are needed to help applications better communicate with each other and make tasks for us simpler to understand. It also helps with productivity.

Across the internet, many websites and apps can integrate with third-party providers and this is achieved by using an Application Programming Interface.

API's make sharing knowledge on the internet simpler for companies and communities. They are used by Facebook, Twitter, Youtube and other websites to connect their services. - APIs are not visible to the end user.


Some common API examples include:
- Playing using your phone
- Google maps
- E-commerce
- Weather snippets
- Login using Google, Twitter, Facebook etc...
- Holiday planning site


Open APIs#

Also kown as Public APIs
Developers can openly use Open APIs
They may require registration or an API key, or they may be free - In order to gain access to data or facilities, they focus on external users.

Partner APIs#

Not accessible to the general public and need special authorisation.
These are most visible and they are used to interact outside a companies borders.

Internal APIs#

Also known as Private APIs
Accessible by only internal systems and are shielded from external users

Composite APIs#

These combine multiple data or service APIs into one.
Developers may use them to make a single call to multiple endpoints


When an API makes a call, a protocol defines the rule. It defines the data types and commands that are appropriate.


Representational State Transfer
This is a web services API
Modern web applications such as Netflix, Uber, Amazon and other depend heavily on REST API's


Simple Object Access Protocol
This is a well known protocol, that is also a web API
SOAP was the first protocol to standardise how applications could handle recources over network connections.


Remote Procedural Call
This was the earliest and most basic in APIs
It's aim was to allow a client to run code on a server

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